Read about the key benefits of the new drone rule 2021 in India
So far, India has had a strict drone policy. But now it has been updated which brings a lot of relief in approvals, less forms and nominal fees. India’s new drone rules 2021 also ease geographical restrictions.
The Drone Rules 2021 also remove a security clearance before any registration or license is issued. The Government of India has today he announced a new drone policy to ensure ease of use of drones in India. Under the new norms, the Unmanned Aircraft Systems also known as UAS Rules 2021 have been replaced by the Liberalized Drones Rules, 2021. It brings a lot of relaxation in clearance of fees.
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With the new drone policy, there is no need to register or issue licenses to use drones in the country. Also, drone operating permit fees have been reduced to nominal fees. According to the government, the release will create employment and economic growth due to its reach, versatility and ease of use, especially in remote and inaccessible areas of India. Given its traditional strengths in innovation, information technology, cost-effective engineering and huge domestic demand. It is also aimed at benefiting all sectors of the economy such as agriculture, mining, infrastructure, surveillance, emergency response, transportation, geospatial mapping, defense and law enforcement.
Read about the key benefits of the new drone rule 2021 in India:
The Ministry of Civil Aviation has canceled several approvals such as Unique Authorization Number, Unique Prototype Identification Number, Manufacturing and Airworthiness Certificate, Certificate of Conformity, Maintenance Certificate, Import Clearance, Acceptance of Existing Drones, Operating Permit, Research and Development Organization Authorization, student remote control. pilot license, remote pilot instructor license, drone port license, etc.
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The number of forms has been reduced from 25 to 5. As the type of fee has been reduced from 72 to 4. Under the new drone policy, the amount of fee has been reduced to nominal levels and decoupled from the size of the drone. For example, the remote pilot license fee has been reduced from INR 3000 (for large drones) to INR 100 for all categories of drones; and is valid for 10 years.
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According to the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the Digital sky platform is to be developed as a user-friendly single window system. The human interface will be minimal and most permissions will be self-generated. In addition, an interactive airspace map with green, yellow and red zones must be displayed on the digital sky platform within 30 days of the publication of these rules.
No permission is now required to operate drones in India in the green zone. Green zone means airspace up to a vertical distance of 400 feet or 120 meters that has not been marked as a red zone or yellow zone on an airspace map; and airspace up to a vertical distance of 200 feet or 60 meters above an area located between 8 and 12 kilometers lateral distance from the perimeter of the operating aerodrome. While the yellow zone is now reduced from 45 km to 12 km from the perimeter of the airport. Also, no remote pilot license is required for micro drones (for non-commercial use) and nano drones.
Under the new Drone Rules 2021, there is no need for security clearance before the issuance of any registration or license and type certificate, unique identification number and remote pilot license by research and development entities operating drones in their own or leased premises located in the green zone.
No restrictions on foreign ownership in Indian drone companies and imports of drones will not be regulated by DGFT. Import clearance requirement from DGCA has also been waived. On the other hand, the coverage of drones under the 2021 drone rules has increased from 300 kg to 500 kg. This will also apply to drone taxis.
Now DGCA will prescribe drone training requirements, supervise drone schools and issue pilot licenses online. The remote pilot license will be issued by DGCA within 15 days after the pilot receives the remote pilot certificate from an authorized drone school through the digital sky platform.
In addition, the testing of drones for issuance of type certificate will be conducted by the Quality Council of India or authorized testing bodies. A type certificate will also be required only if the drone is to be operated in India. The import and production of drones purely for export are exempt from type certification and unique identification numbers. Nano and model drones (made for research or recreational purposes) are exempt from type certification. Manufacturers and importers can generate a unique ID number for their drones on the digital sky platform through self-certification.
In addition, India’s new drone policy also facilitates a process designed to transfer and deregister drones through the digital sky platform. According to the government, drones present in India on or before November 30, 2021 will be issued a unique identification number through the digital sky platform provided, have DAN, GST paid invoice and are part of the DGCA approved list. drones. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and Training Procedure Manuals (TPMs) will be prescribed to users on the Digital Sky Platform for self-monitoring. No approvals are required unless there is a significant deviation from prescribed procedures.
The maximum penalty for violation has now been reduced to Rs 1 million. Safety and security features like ‘No Permit – No Take Off’ (NPNT), Real Time Tracking Beacon, Geo-fencing etc. to be announced in the future. Industry will be given a six-month lead time to meet the requirements. Drone corridors will be built for cargo deliveries. Finally, a drone promotion board is to be established by the government with participation from academia, startups and other stakeholders to facilitate a growth-oriented regulatory regime.
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